Gum disease runs rampant throughout the world. It’s extremely common, effecting three of four adults at some point in their lives. But among those adults, women are especially susceptible to gum disease.
The reason is hormones. The problem can erupt during stages of
a woman’s life due to hormonal changes. These changes affect the blood supply to the gums, altering the body’s response to irritation caused by plaque on teeth.
For instance, during menstruation, some woman have swollen or bleeding gums, or canker sores. Women who take oral contraceptives are also prone to having inflamed gums.
Pregnancy is another concern. Gingivitis may cause red, puffy or tender gums during pregnancy, especially during the second to eighth months, due to elevated hormone levels. In severe cases, I may recommend more frequent cleanings during your second trimester or early third trimester to help avoid these problems.
Women going through menopause also experience changes in their mouths. Some women report having a burning sensation, altered tastes, dry mouth, and sensitivity to temperature.
Given that women are so susceptible to hormonal changes and changes inside their mouths, it’s important that you keep us informed about your overall health. Please tell us if you are pregnant, taking birth control pills, or if you are experiencing problems during menstruation. We sympathize with our female patients’ needs and concerns, so please don’t hold back. The more we know, the better we can treat you.